Essential Safety Measures

Essential Safety Measures (ESM’s) are the safety features/systems of buildings that help protect members of the public who may be using or visiting those buildings. ESM’s are not applicable to private houses and associated outbuildings (known as Class 1a & Class 10 buildings). ESM’s do apply to the other classes of buildings from 2-9 such as offices, retail spaces, entertainment venues and public buildings. ESM’s also apply to class 1b buildings such as Airbnb accommodation and other boarding/guest houses.

If you are the owner of a building (other than a house or outbuilding), then you are responsible for maintaining those safety features/systems associated with that building. Some buildings have very extensive and complex safety features/equipment whilst others have more basic features. Some typical features include emergency lighting, exit signs and fire extinguishers.

It is important to note that it is a legal requirement under the Building Regulations for an owner to maintain their ESM’s on their building to a satisfactory standard and these must be inspected and reported on regularly depending on the type of safety measure and building. If you have any questions regarding ESM’s please contact the Building Services Team or your private building surveyor to ensure you are meeting your obligations and in turn keeping each other safe in the community.